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napoveda-7zip:spravce-souboru:pluginy:7-zip:pridat-do-archivu

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Dialogové okno - Přidat do archivu

Umožňuje určit možnosti pro vytvoření nebo aktualizaci archivu.

Jak volat toto dialogové okno

  1. V Průzkumníkovi Windows nebo programu 7-Zip klikněte pravým tlačítkem myši na soubor (soubory) nebo složku (složky), které chcete komprimovat.
  2. Ukažte na 7-Zip a klikněte na položku příkazu Přidat do archivu….

Parametry

  • Archiv - Provides a space for you to specify a destination archive name. You can click "" button to display "Open" dialog box that you can use to locate archive.
  • Formát archivu - Specifies a format of created archive. Some formats (gzip and bzip2) do not support compressing more the one file per archive.
  • Úroveň komprese - Specifies compression level. There are 6 levels of compression:
Hodnota Význam
Store Files will be copied to archive without compression.
Fastest Fastest compression.
Fast Fast compression.
Normal Compression with balanced settings.
Maximum Can give a higher compression ratio than Normal level. But it can be slower, and it can require more memory.
Ultra Can give a higher compression ratio than Maximum level. But it can be slower, and it can require more memory.
  • Kompresní metoda - Specifies compression method. Each archive format can have its own compression methods:
Metoda Popis
LZMA It's base compression method for 7z format. Even old versions of 7-Zip can decompress archives created with LZMA method. It provides high compression ratio and very fast decompression.
LZMA2 Default compression method of 7z format. LZMA2 is LZMA-based compression method. It provides better multithreading support than LZMA. But compression ratio can be worse in some cases. For best compression ratio with LZMA2 use 1 or 2 CPU threads. If you use LZMA2 with more than 2 threads, 7-zip splits data to chunks and compresses these chunks independently (2 threads per each chunk).
PPMd Dmitry Shkarin's PPMdH algorithm with small changes. Usually it provides high compression ratio and high speed for text files.
BZip2 Standard compression method based on BWT algorithm. Usually it provides high speed and pretty good compression ratio for text files.
Deflate Standard compression method of ZIP and GZip formats. Compression ratio is not too high. But it provides pretty fast compressing and decompressing. Deflate method supports only 32 KB dictionary.
Deflate64 Modified version of Deflate algorithm with bigger dictionary (64KB).

Estimated 7-Zip performance and memory requirements for 2 GHz dual core CPU:

Method Level Dictionary
Size
Compressing
Speed
Decompressing
Speed
Memory for
Compressing
Memory for
Decompressing
LZMA fastest 64 KB 4,5 MB/s 15 MB/s 3 MB 3 MB
fast 1 MB 3 MB/s 10 MB 3 MB
normal 16 MB 2 MB/s 186 MB 18 MB
maximum 32 MB 1,8 MB/s 376 MB 34 MB
ultra 64 MB 1,6 MB/s 709 MB 66 MB
PPMD fast 4 MB 1,4 MB/s 6 MB
normal 24 MB 1,2 MB/s 26 MB
maximum 64 MB 1,0 MB/s 66 MB
ultra 192 MB 0,9 MB/s 194 MB
Deflate fast 32 KB 15 MB/s 40 MB 3 MB 2 MB
normal 3,5 MB/s
maximum 1,5 MB/s 4 MB
ultra 0,4 MB/s
BZip2 normal 900 KB 3 MB/s 16 MB/s 20 MB/s 7 MB/s
maximum 1,2 MB/s
normal 0,4 MB/s
  • Velikost slovníku - Specifies Dictionary size for compression method. Usually, a higher Dictionary size gives a higher compression ratio. But compressing can be slower and it can require more memory. Memory (RAM) usage for LZMA compressing is about 11 times more than dictionary size. Memory usage for LZMA decompressing is close to value of dictionary size. Memory usage for PPMd compressing and decompressing is almost equal to dictionary size.
  • Velikost slova - Specifies the length of words, which will be used to find identical sequences of bytes for compression. Usually for LZMA and Deflate, big Word size gives a little bit better compression ratio and slower compression process. A big Word size parameter can significantly increase compression ratio for files which contain long identical sequences of bytes. For PPMd, the Word size strongly affects both compression ratio and compression/decompression speed.
  • Velikost bloku - Specifies the size of a solid block. You can also disable solid mode. In solid mode all files will be compressed as continuous data blocks. Usually compressing to a solid archive improves the compression ratio. You can use this option only for 7z archives. The updating of solid .7z archives can be slow, since it can require some recompression. .
  • Počet vláken procesoru - Specifies the number of threads for compressing. A big number of threads can speed up compression speed on Multi-Processor systems. Sometimes it can increase speed even on single-core CPU.
  • Split to volumes
    {Size}[b | k | m | g]

Specifies volume sizes in Bytes, Kilobytes (1 Kilobyte = 1024 bytes), Megabytes (1 Megabyte = 1024 Kilobytes) or Gigabytes (1 Gigabyte = 1024 Megabytes). If you specify only {Size}, 7-zip will treat it as bytes. It's possible to specify several values. Example:

    10k 15k 2m

The first volume will be 10 KB, the second will be 15 KB, and all others will be 2 MB.

  • Parametry - Allows you to specify parameters for compression. See the -m (Method) switch description for more details. Omit the -m prefix (as in -m switch) when using this dialog box. Examples
          f=delta:4

    uses Delta:4 filter (if you want to compress WAV files).

          f=bcj2

    uses BCJ2 filter (for x86 executables).

  • Režim aktualizace - Specifies update mode:
Hodnota Význam
Add and replace files Add all specified files to the archive.
Update and add files Update older files in the archive and add files that are new to the archive.
Freshen existing files Update specified files in the archive that are older than the selected disk files.
Synchronize files Replace specified files only if added files are newer. Always add those files, which are not present in the archive. Delete from archive those files, which are not present on the disk.
  • Cesty - Specifies how path names will be stored in archive:
Hodnota Význam
Relative pathnames Store file paths relative to current folder.
Full pathnames Store file paths relative to root of the volume, excluding volume name prefix.
Absolute pathnames Store fully qualified file paths including volume name.
  • Možnosti - Specifies compression options:
Možnost Význam
Create SFX archive Create self-extracting archive. You can use this option only for 7z archives. Look to -sfx (Create SFX archive) switch description for more details about SFX modules.
Compress shared files Compress files open for writing by another applications.
Delete files after compression Delete files after including to archive. So it works like moving files to archive. 7-Zip deletes files at the end of operation and only if archive was successfully created.
  • Šifrování - Specifies password and encryption options.
    • Zadat heslo - Specify password here
    • Potvrzení hesla - Reenter password here for verification
    • Zobrazit heslo - Shows Password
    • Metoda šifrování - Specifies the encryption method. For 7z format, it can be only AES-256. For ZIP format you can select ZipCrypto or AES-256. Use ZipCrypto, if you want to get archive compatible with most of the ZIP archivers. AES-256 provides stronger encryption, but now AES-256 is supported only by 7-Zip, WinZip and some other ZIP archivers.
    • Šifrovat názvy souborů - Enables or disables archive header encryption, including file name encryption.
napoveda-7zip/spravce-souboru/pluginy/7-zip/pridat-do-archivu.txt · Poslední úprava: 21. 02. 2018 - 13:30 (upravil MartinR - externě)

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